Sanctuary’s science, spin and songs
Bryan Sanctuary

August 3, 2011

Early models of the Atom

Once atoms were found, it became evident that atoms were composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. The first model, due to J.J. Thomson, was the plum pudding model. This suggested that the atom was a positively charged cloud with electrons floating in it. This model is incorrect.
August 1, 2011

Characterization of Matter

At the energy we mostly deal with in chemistry matter is composed of atoms, molecules and ions. From a chemical point of view, these particles interact though the electromagnetic force.
August 1, 2011

The Scientific Method

If we start off with no information and make a guess at something logical, then the development of that idea is mathematics, not science. Science is based upon observation first and after doing experiments, trends may be noticed and we can perhaps summarize the data into a Natural Law.
July 15, 2011

Simple Explanation of Thermodynamic Efficiency

The more heat that is converted into work, the more efficient the process. The heat lost to the cold reservoir cannot be recovered. Efficiency is therefore define as the ratio of work out to heat in,...
July 13, 2011

Heat Flow and Work – Thermodynamic Coupling

The Third Law of Thermodynamics says: if two separated systems are in thermal contact with a third, then at equilibrium they all have the same temperature. Clearly when we bring two blocks together, heat will flow between them. This is an example of coupling systems A to B and to C so eventually the three will be in equilibrium. This coupling only allows heat to flow through direct contact.
July 11, 2011

Open, Closed and Isolated Systems in Physical Chemistry

Suppose we have a system which is a drink in a glass. Certainly heat flows in and warms the cold drink, and mass changes when we add to the glass or drink the contents. The system is open.
July 2, 2011

Quantum Crackpot RANDI Challenge Taken: Part 2

An unfiltered particle is called “Pristine” as defined in the website called Bell’s theorem refuted. The values of the LHV of a pristine particle are unknown. A pristine EPR pair is one before filtering. ....I will present a model that shows a disentangled product state not only gives the quantum result, but predicts something new.
June 30, 2011

Understanding State Functions and Reversible Paths

First it is never possible to obtain a true reversible path. It is an idealized case in which at every step along the way the system (the ball) is in equilibrium with its surroundings. Clearly if something is at equilibrium there is no noticeable change. Hence one says that a reversible process happens so slowly that equilibrium is always maintained.
June 29, 2011

Quantum Crackpot Randi Challenge Taken: Part 1

In answering the Crackpot Randi Challenge, I following Crackpot rules to obtain results which agree with the experimental data of Gregor Weihs and Alain Aspect, without entanglement.
June 27, 2011

Quantum Crackpot RANDI Counter Challenge: “Explain Quantum Weirdness”.

The phrase “quantum weirdness” is recognized as meaningless and has no place in science.
June 22, 2011

Quantum Crackpot-a Challenge Taken

Their challenge is—“Anybody with some crackpot “local QM” theory is cordially invited to either write the program so that Bell’s inequality is violated or to shut the hell up!"
June 16, 2011

Nature has 2.71828… fingers

At a rate of 10% your money will double in 7 years . If you invest $1,000 in a tax free pension account at 10%, then after 35 years that $1,000 will have grown to $32,000!

Email Subscriber !

Signup now and receive and email once I publish new content.